제2유형 조건문

형태

제2유형 조건문의 if절은 단순 과거이며, 주절의 시제는 조건문 현재형이거나 조건문 현재 진행형입니다.

If절 (조건) 주절 (결과)
If + 단순 과거 조건문 현재 또는 조건문 현재 진행형
If this thing happened that thing would happen.

모든 조건문들의 경우에서 처럼, 절의 순서는 정해져 있지 않습니다. 절의 순서를 변경하는 경우엔 대명사를 재배치하고 구두점을 조절해야 할 수도 있습니다. 하지만 의미는 동일합니다.

  • If it rained, you would get wet.
  • You would get wet if it rained.
  • If you went to bed earlier you wouldn't be so tired.
  • You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier.
  • If she fell, she would hurt herself.
  • She would hurt herself if she fell.

기능

제2유형 조건문은 가능하지 않거나 가상적인 조건과 가능한 그 결과를 언급합니다. 이 문장들은 실제적 상황에 근거하지 않습니다. 제2유형 조건문의 시간은 지금 또는 언제든지이며 상황은 가상적입니다.

  • If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. (But the weather is bad so we can't go.)
  • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. (But I am not the Queen.)
  • If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
  • If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.

"if I was" 대신 "if I were"라고 말하는 것은 올바르고, 매우 일반적입니다 (가정법).

  • If I were taller, I would buy this dress.
  • If I were 20, I would travel the world.
  • If I were you, I would give up smoking.
  • If I were a plant, I would love the rain.

제2유형 조건문에서는 결과에 대한 확실성, 허가, 또는 권장의 정도를 표현하기 위해서 주절에 "would" 대신 조동사를 사용할 수도 있습니다.

  • We might buy a larger house if we had more money
  • He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.
  • If he called me, I couldn't hear.

조건문 현재 시제

모든 동사의 조건문 현재는 두 요소로 구성됩니다:
would + "to"를 사용하지 않는 주동사의 부동사

주어 + would + 부정사
He would go
They would stay
To Go: 조건문 현재
긍정문 부정문 의문문 부정 의문문
I would go I wouldn't go Would I go? Wouldn't I go?
You would go You wouldn't go Would you go? Wouldn't you go?
He would go He wouldn't go Would he go? Wouldn't he go?
She would go She wouldn't go Would she go? Wouldn't she go?
We would go We wouldn't go Would we go? Wouldn't we go?
They would go They wouldn't go Would they go? Wouldn't they go?