일반적으로, 간접 화법에서의 시제는 직접 화법의 시제에서 한 시제 이전입니다:
She said, "I am tired." = She said that she was tired.
|직접 화법 인용구||상응하는 간접 화법 인용구|
|단순 현재형||단순 과거형|
|"I always drink coffee", she said||She said that she always drank coffee.|
|현재 진행형||과거 진행형|
|"I am reading a book", he explained.||He explained that he was reading a book|
|단순 과거형||과거 완료형|
|"Bill arrived on Saturday", he said.||He said that Bill had arrived on Saturday.|
|현재 완료형||과거 완료형|
|"I have been to Spain", he told me.||He told me that he had been to Spain.|
|과거 완료형||과거 완료형|
|"I had just turned out the light," he explained.||He explained that he had just turned out the light.|
|현재 완료 진행형||과거 완료 진행형|
|They complained, "We have been waiting for hours".||They complained that they had been waiting for hours.|
|과거 진행형||과거 완료 진행형|
|"We were living in Paris", they told me.||They told me that they had been living in Paris.|
|"I will be in Geneva on Monday", he said.||He said that he would be in Geneva on Monday.|
|미래 진행형||조건절 진행형|
|She said, "I'll be using the car next Friday".||She said that she would be using the car next Friday.|
간접 화법 동사가 현재형이거나 원래 진술이 여전히 진실인 무엇인가에 대한 것이었다면 시제를 변경할 필요가 없습니다.
- He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one.
- We explained that it is very difficult to find our house.
이 조동사들은 간접 화법에서 변경되지 않습니다: might, could, would, should, ought to:
- We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house.
- She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." = She said that she might bring a friend to the party.