간접 화법 사용시 동사의 시제 변경하는 방법

일반적으로, 간접 화법에서의 시제는 직접 화법의 시제에서 한 시제 이전입니다:
She said, "I am tired." = She said that she was tired.

직접 화법 인용구 상응하는 간접 화법 인용구
단순 현재형 단순 과거형
"I always drink coffee", she said She said that she always drank coffee.
현재 진행형 과거 진행형
"I am reading a book", he explained. He explained that he was reading a book
단순 과거형 과거 완료형
"Bill arrived on Saturday", he said. He said that Bill had arrived on Saturday.
현재 완료형 과거 완료형
"I have been to Spain", he told me. He told me that he had been to Spain.
과거 완료형 과거 완료형
"I had just turned out the light," he explained. He explained that he had just turned out the light.
현재 완료 진행형 과거 완료 진행형
They complained, "We have been waiting for hours". They complained that they had been waiting for hours.
과거 진행형 과거 완료 진행형
"We were living in Paris", they told me. They told me that they had been living in Paris.
미래형 현재 조건절
"I will be in Geneva on Monday", he said. He said that he would be in Geneva on Monday.
미래 진행형 조건절 진행형
She said, "I'll be using the car next Friday". She said that she would be using the car next Friday.

간접 화법 동사가 현재형이거나 원래 진술이 여전히 진실인 무엇인가에 대한 것이었다면 시제를 변경할 필요가 없습니다.

  • He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one.
  • We explained that it is very difficult to find our house.

 

이 조동사들은 간접 화법에서 변경되지 않습니다: might, could, would, should, ought to:

  • We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house.
  • She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." = She said that she might bring a friend to the party.