단순 현재 시제

단순 현재 시제 용법:

  • 습관, 일반적인 진리, 반복 행위 및 변하지 않는 상황, 감정 및 희망 표현시:
    I smoke (습관); I work in London (변하지 않는 상황); London is a large city (일반적인 진리)
  • 안내 지침 및 방향 설명시:
    You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
  • 현재나 미래의 정해진 약속 표현시:
    Your exam starts at 09.00
  • 다음과 같은 일부 접속사와 함께 미래 시간 표현시: after, when, before, as soon as, until:
    He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday.
조심하세요! 단순 현재형은 지금 일어나고 있는 사건이나 행위를 표현하기 위해서 사용하지 않습니다.

  • 습관
    He drinks tea at breakfast.
    She only eats fish.
    They watch television regularly.
  • 반복적인 사건이나 행위
    We catch the bus every morning.
    It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
    They drive to Monaco every summer.
  • 일반적인 진리
    Water freezes at zero degrees.
    The Earth revolves around the Sun.
    Her mother is Peruvian.
  • 사용 설명이나 방향
    Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
    You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
  • 정해진 약속
    His mother arrives tomorrow.
    Our holiday starts on the 26th March
  • 미래 문구와 같이
    She'll see you before she leaves.
    We'll give it to her when she arrives.

단순 현재 시제 만들기: to think

긍정문 의문문 부정문
I think Do I think? I do not think
You think Do you think? You do not think
He thinks Does he think? He does not think
She thinks Does she think? She does not think
It thinks Does it think? It does not think
We think Do we think? We do not think.
They think Do they think? They do not think.

제3인칭 단수 단순 현재형에 대한 메모

  • 제3인칭 단수 동사는 항상 -s로 끈난다:
    he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.
  • 부정문과 의문문에서는 DOES (= 조동사 'DO'의 제3인칭형) + 동사의 부정형을 사용한다:
    He wants ice cream. Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla.
  • -y로 끝나는 동사: 제3인칭형은 -y를 -ies로 변경한다:
    fly --> flies, cry --> cries
    예외: -앞에 모음이 있는 경우:
    play --> plays, pray --> prays
  • -ss, -x, -sh, -ch로 끝나는 동사에는 -es를 붙인다:
    he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes
  • He goes to school every morning.
  • She understands English.
  • It mixes the sand and the water.
  • He tries very hard.
  • She enjoys playing the piano.