수동태에서 능동태

능동태로 작성된 문장은 수동태로 작성된 문장보다 이해하기가 더 수월합니다. 수동태를 능동태로 전환하는 것은 아주 간단하지만, 연습이 약간 필요합니다. 아래 대조표에서 수동태의 be 동사의 시제가 능동태의 주동사 시제와 항상 일치함을 확인해 보세요. 능동태를 사용하려면, 행위의 주체를 명확하게 표시해야 합니다.

To Keep, 능동태와 수동태

시제 능동태 수동태 능동문 수동문
단순 현재 keep is kept I keep the butter in the fridge. The butter is kept in the fridge.
현재 진행형 is keeping is being kept John is keeping my house tidy. My house is being kept tidy.
단순 과거 kept was kept Mary kept her schedule meticulously. Mary's schedule was kept meticulously.
과거 진행형 was keeping was being kept The theater was keeping a seat for you. A seat was being kept for you.
현재 완료 have kept have been kept I have kept all your old letters. All your old letters have been kept.
과거 완료 had kept had been kept He had kept up his training regimen for a month. His training regimen had been kept up for a month.
단순 미래 will keep will be kept Mark will keep the ficus. The ficus will be kept.
조건문 현재 would keep would be kept If you told me, I would keep your secret. If you told me, your secret would be kept.
조건문 과거 would have kept would have been kept I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me. Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
현재 부정사 to keep to be kept She wants to keep the book. The book wants to be kept.
완료 부정사 to have kept to have been kept Judy was happy to have kept the puppy. The puppy was happy to have been kept.
현재 분사 및 동명사 keeping being kept I have a feeling that you may be keeping a secret. I have a feeling that a secret may be being kept.
과거 분사 having kept having been kept Having kept the bird in a cage for so long, Jade wasn't sure it could survive in the wild. The bird, having been kept in a cage for so long, might not survive in the wild.