가까운 미래

형태

가까운 미래를 표현하려면, 세 부분으로 구성된 패턴을 사용할 수 있습니다:
현재 시제로 변형된 동사 "to be", + about + 주동사의 부정사

주어 + to be + about (또는 just about) + 부정사
I am about to be sick
They are about to arrive.
It is just about to explode.
To leave, 가까운 미래로
긍정문 부정문 의문문 부정 의문문
I am about to leave. I am not about to leave. Am I about to leave? Am I not about to leave?
You are about to leave. You are not about to leave. Are you about to leave? Aren't you about to leave?
He is about to leave. He is not about to leave. Is he about to leave? Isn't he about to leave?
We are about to leave. We aren't about to leave. Are we about to leave? Aren't we about to leave?
They are about to leave. They aren't about to leave. Are they about to leave? Aren't they about to leave?

기능

이 패턴은 말하고 있는 순간 바로 이후의 시간을 표현하기 위해서, 그리고 아주 곧 일어나게 될 사건이나 행위를 강조하기 위해서 사용됩니다. 단어 about 바로 전에 just를 추가하여 행동의 즉각성을 강조할 수도 있습니다.

  • She is about to cry.
  • You are about to see something very unusual.
  • I am about to go to a meeting.
  • We are just about to go inside.
  • Sally is just about to jump off that diving board.

이 패턴은 또한 즉시 일어났던 행위나 방해받은 행위를 표현하기 위해서 현재 시제 대신 to be의 단순 과거 시제와 같이 사용될 수 있습니다. 그 패턴은 자주 when으로 시작되는 절이 종속절로 오기도 합니다

  • She was about to leave when Jim arrived.
  • When it started to rain, I was about to go out for a walk.
  • I was just about to call her when she walked in.
  • The car was just about to flip over when he regained control.